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Joško Ćaleta sudjelovao na Second Symposium of the ICTM Study Group on Musics of the Slavic World



Joško Ćaleta je od 22. do 24. rujna 2018. sudjelovao na znanstvenom skupu u organizaciji ICTM Study Group on Musics of the Slavic World s izlaganjem "Transition of Music Labor in Post Socialist Croatia: the Case of Klapa Singing". Skup je održan u Skopju, Makedonija. 

This presentation will try to answer the question of how musical features of klapa singing, help individuals to overcome the economic obstacles imposed on them by the transitional period. As the 3 theme of the conference stated: „Promotion of certain forms of music and dance, recognized as bearers of national, ethnic or gender characteristics, is a part of the processes that have been observed in particular in the newly formed nation states after the 1990s.“ Klapa singing is an example of musical phenomenon that in its traditional context started as an informal group of singers who sing occasionally, for the sake of singing. Oral tradition and simple music-making were the main characteristics of this klapa type. The popularity of klapa began in the 1960s, as recognition of and growing interest in this type of singing led to the establishment of the first festivals of klapa singing (Festival dalmatinskih klapa in Omiš, 1967), the network of various klapa festivals and performing activities, and establishment of the first organized singing groups, leading to a new klapa model – festival klapa. Modern klapa started in the 1990s, with the beginning of the newly-established Croatian State, when a great number of social, cultural and political changes occurred. All the facts mentioned above marked klapa singing as a musical phenomenon that survey through the time just accepting the changes as a form of musical communication not limited to purely musical components but embracing other life activities and musical tastes.

Addressing various ways in which the labor market and employment policies are activated in transitional societies, special attention will be given to the abandonment of traditional forms of protection and permanent employment of the workforce as well as the promotion of self-employment or the atypical forms of employment in order to regulate the crisis. In this case, klapa singers have used their music skills as a prerequisite for self-employment – the musical genre that represented an exemplary example of music amateurism associated with the concept of leisure (free) time in a crisis situation becomes a working liability.

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