Baza naslova relevantne literature
Aronowitz, Stanley i Jonathan Cutler. 1998. Post-Work: the Wages of Cybernation. London-New York: Routledge.
In Post-Work, Stanley Aronowitz and Jonathan Cutler have collected essays from a variety of scholars to discuss the dreary future of work. The introduction, The Post-Work Manifesto, provides the framework for a radical reappraisal of work and suggests an alternative organization of labor. The provocative essays that follow focus on specific issues that are key to our reconceptualization of the notion and practice of work, with coverage of the fight for shorter hours, the relationship between school and work, and the role of welfare, among others. Armed with an interdisciplinary approach, Post-Work looks beyond the rancorous debates around welfare politics and lays out the real sources of anxiety in the modern workplace. The result is an offering of hope for the future - an alternative path for a cybernation, where the possibility of less work for a better standard of living is possible.
Aronowitz, Stanley i William DiFazio. 2010. The Jobless Future. Minneapolis: University of Minessota Press.
High technology will destroy more jobs than it creates. This grim prediction was first published in the 1994 edition of The Jobless Future, an eerily accurate title that could have been written for today's dismal economic climate. Fully updated and with a new introduction by Stanley Aronowitz and William DiFazio, The Jobless Future warns that jobs as we know them-long-term, with benefits-are an endangered species.
Baker, Catherine. 2014. “The Local Workforce in International Intervention in Yugoslav Successor States: Precariat or Projectariat”. International Peacekeeping 21(1): 91-106.
The international organizations involved in peacebuilding, democratization and peacekeeping in the Yugoslav successor states have employed thousands of locally recruited workers as project officers, language intermediaries and support staff. This makes them a distinct employment sector within these post-socialist and in several cases post-conflict economies, most significantly in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo. This paper evaluates arguments in favour of regarding this workforce firstly as a group of workers suffering precarity and secondly as a privileged social elite. While there are good grounds for recognizing them as a distinctive social group, this distinctiveness has not led to a widely expressed social identity based on the commonalities of their employment.
Baldoz, Rick, Charles Koeber i Philip Kraft (ur.). 2001. The Critical Study of Work: Labor, Technology, and Global Production. Temple University Press.
Two broad developments reshaped work at the end of the twentieth century. The first was the implosion of the Soviet Union and the worldwide triumph of market capitalism. The second was the increasing use of computer-based production technologies and management command-and-control systems. How do we make sense of these important developments. The editors have assembled a collection of provocative, original essays on work and workplaces throughout the world that challenge the current celebration of globalization and new technologies. Building on labor process analysis, individual case studies venture beyond factory and office to examine "virtual" workplaces, computer-era cottage work, and emotional and household labor. The settings range from Indian and Irish software factories to Brazilian supermarkets, Los Angeles sweatshops, and Taiwanese department stores. Other essays seek to make theoretical sense of increasingly de-centered production chains, fluid work relations, and uncertain employment. Individually and collectively the authors construct a new critical study of work, highlighting the connections between geography, technology, gender, race, and class. They offer an accessible and flexible approach to the study of workplace relations and production organization - and even the notion of work itself.
Bartha, Eszter 2014. "Forgotten Histories: Workers and the New Capitalism in East Germany and Hungary". U: EUtROPEs: The Paradox of European Empire. University of Chicago Press, Chicago: 309-334.
By drawing on Kideckel (2002) and Todorova and Gille (2010), this article seeks to (1) explore forms of workers’ new subalternity in the new capitalist regimes in East Germany and Hungary, and (2) argue that nostalgia for the socialist regimes functions as a means and claim of the “little man” to express social criticism. Under state socialism, workers constituted the emblematic class of the regime. After the collapse of the socialist regimes in Eastern Europe, workers faced the double challenge of the decline of the political weight and significance of the working class and the devaluation of production work in a postindustrial society. Te essay analyzes the postsocialist experience of East German and Hungarian workers in three main dimensions: (1) the experience of post-Fordist development in the factory, (2) the subjective evaluation of the standard of living, and (3) interpersonal relations. Lastly, I examine the social and political attitudes of the workers in the mirror of their postsocialist experience. I argue that Hungarians had a more direct experience of peripheral development than East Germans. While East Germany’s more successful integration into the capitalist world economy was accompanied by a change of mentality and the appearance of post-materialistic values, in Hungary nationalism seemed to be the only alternative to capitalism, which had disappointed and effectively impoverished many people. Tis explains the ambiguous evaluation of the socialist Kádár regime, as the vision of greater social and material equality came to be confused with a longing for a strong state, order, and an autocratic government.
Bauman Zygmunt, 2005. Work, Consumerism and the New Poor. Berkshire, England: Open University Press.
If "being poor" once derived its meaning from the condition of being unemployed, today it draws its meaning primarily from the plight of a flawed consumer. This distinction truly makes a difference in the way poverty is experienced and in the chances to redeem its misery.
This absorbing book traces this change, and makes an inventory of its social consequences. It also considers ways of fighting back advancing poverty and mitigating its hardships, and tackles the problems of poverty in its present form. The new edition features: up-to-date coverage of the progress made by key thinkers in the field; a discussion of recent work on redundancy, disposability, and exclusion; explorations of new theories of workable solutions to poverty. Students of sociology, politics, and social policy will find this to be an invaluable text on the changing significance and implications of an enduring social problem.
Bauman, Zygmunt. 2005. Liquid Life. Polity.
'Liquid life’ is the kind of life commonly lived in our contemporary, liquid-modern society. Liquid life cannot stay on course, as liquid-modern society cannot keep its shape for long. Liquid life is a precarious life, lived under conditions of constant uncertainty. The most acute and stubborn worries that haunt this liquid life are the fears of being caught napping, of failing to catch up with fast moving events, of overlooking the ‘use by’ dates and being saddled with worthless possessions, of missing the moment calling for a change of tack and being left behind. Liquid life is also shot through by a contradiction: it ought to be a (possibly unending) series of new beginnings, yet precisely for that reason it is full of worries about swift and painless endings, without which new beginnings would be unthinkable. Among the arts of liquid-modern living and the skills needed to practice them, getting rid of things takes precedence over their acquisition. This and other challenges of life in a liquid-modern society are traced and unravelled in the successive chapters of this new book by one of the most brilliant and original social thinkers of our time.
Beck, Ulrich. 1986 Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. New Delhi: Sage.
Western industrial society is widely seen to be going through a decisive transitional period into a form defined variously as 'post-Enlightenment', 'post-Fordist' or 'postmodern'. Arguing that we are instead facing a different modernity typified by reflexivity, Ulrich Beck goes beyond these descriptions to provide a coherent picture of the direction of global social change. Underpinning the analysis is the notion of the `risk society'. The changing nature of society's relation to production and distribution is related to the environmental impact as a totalizing, globalizing economy based on scientific and technical knowledge becomes more central to social organization and social conflict.
Biti, Ozren. 2012. “Potraga za odgovorom na nedefinirano pitanje: Zygmunt Bauman i sociologija protočne potrošnje”. Filozofska istraživanja 32(1):109-119
U ovom se radu, krećući od sociološke teorije Zygmunta Baumana, raspravljaju s jedne strane izazovi života u lakoj moderni, a s druge strane izazovi znanstvenog promišljanja različitih aspekata lake moderne. U tu se svrhu Baumanove knjige i članci uspoređuju s djelima drugih velikih imena suvremene sociologije poput Jeana Baudrillarda, Anthonyja Giddensa i Ulricha Becka. Ukrštavanje njihovih teza i ocjena o učincima globalizacije na pojedinačne živote te o novim identitetnim politikama navodi na zaključak da je Baumanov doprinos osebujan i iskoristiv za reviziju okoštalih socioloških pogleda na društvo i uloge sociologije u njegovu analiziranju. Opreke proizvodnja/potrošnja, zajednica/individua i sigurnost/ sloboda kod Baumana se provlače kroz ideju protočnosti, mobilnosti i pokretljivosti društva lake moderne, što sociologiji otežava mogućnost odgovaranja na konkretna pitanja te pred nju stavlja nove i sve kompleksnije dijagnostičke zadatke. Dok individualizirano društvo od svojih pripadnika iziskuje biografske odgovore na sistemske kontradikcije, isto to društvo od sociologa iziskuje potragu za odgovorom na nedefinirano pitanje.
Blagaić, Marina i Renata Jambrešić Kirin. 2013. “Ambivalentno nasljeđe socijalističkih radnica: slučaj tvornice Jugoplastika”. Narodna umjetnost 50(1):40-74.
Socijalistički je pravni okvir omogućio poboljšanje pravne, ekonomske i socijalne ravnopravnosti žena što je izmijenilo njihov tradicionalno subordiniran položaj u obitelji i društvu. S druge strane, konflikt revolucionarnih i tradicijskih vrednota generirao je različite antagonizme i kompromise kao i “nizove konfliktnih komplementarnosti” (G. W. Creed) starog i novog sistema, posebice u privatnoj sferi gdje se očuvao patrijarhalni “seksualni ugovor” (C. Pateman) s jasnom podjelom muških i ženskih uloga. Članak se usredotočuje na segment socijalističke modernizacije vezan uz nagli razvoj industrije plastike koja je rasla uglavnom kao rezultat ženskih napora i postignuća, to jest kao simbioza rane socijalističke kulture kompeticije, (samo)discipline i (samo)korekcije ljudskih mana, i patrijarhalne baštine koja je cijenila ženske vrline poput spremnosti na žrtvovanje (za druge) i preuzimanja odgovornosti za obitelj i zajednicu u cjelini. Već od kraja 1950-ih, rivalstvo dva kolektivistička projekta – patrijarhalnog i komunističkog – koji su, svaki na svoj način, disciplinirali, socijalizirali i koristili žensku radnu i reproduktivnu sposobnost, pronašli su zajednički interes u obnavljanju diskursa ženstvenosti i kućevnosti. Prijelaz iz siromaštva u stanje relativnog blagostanja, praćen počecima masovne proizvodnje kućanskih aparata i potrošnih dobara, sintetičkih materijala i plastike, pratila je pasivizacija žena kao političkih subjekata i komodifikacija njihovih slika u masovnim medijima.
Etnografsko istraživanje iskustava žena zaposlenih u Jugoplastici (1954. – 1991.), a posebice radnica iz Jugoplastikinog pogona na Šolti (1959. – 1991.), raspravlja o ambivalentnom nasljeđu socijalističke emancipacije. Za većinu žena, stalni posao u tvornici fundamentalno je promijenio njihove svakodnevne života, rodne odnose u obitelji, razinu životnog standarda i način na koji žene prosuđuju svoje sposobnosti i kompetencije. Njihova kazivanja otkrivaju selektivno viđenje života u socijalizmu; nedostatak kritičke refleksije o vlastitoj ideološkoj poziciji unutar lokalnog i nacionalnog konteksta te nostalgiju za vremenom ekonomskog osnaživanja, vremenom radnih uspjeha i ponosa zbog vještina koje su koristile obavljajući radne zadatke. Ta su iskustva supostavljena onima iz razdoblja tradicijske otočne ekonomije (poljoprivreda, ribolov, proizvodnja vapna), kao i onima recentnog oslanjanja na prirodne izvore i turizam koje reaktiviraju tradicijske (patrijarhalne) obrasce života i ženama ne ostavljaju mnogo prostora za (samo)afirmaciju.
Boltanski, Luc. i Eve Chiapello. 2005. New Spirit of Capitalism. London:Verso.
In this established classic, sociologists Luc Boltanski and Eve Chiapello get to the heart of contemporary capitalism. Delving deep into the latest management texts informing the thinking of employers, the authors trace the contours of a new spirit of capitalism. They argue that beginning in the mid-1970s, capitalism abandoned the hierarchical Fordist work structure and developed a new network-based form of organization founded on employee initiative and autonomy in the workplace—a putative freedom bought at the cost of material and psychological security. This was a spirit in tune with the libertarian and romantic currents of the period (as epitomized by dressed-down, cool capitalists such as Bill Gates and Ben and Jerry) and, as the authors argue, a more successful, pernicious, and subtle form of exploitation. In this new edition, the authors reflect on the reception of the book and the debates it has stimulated.
Bourdieu Pierre, 2005. The Social Structures of Economy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Much orthodox economic theory is based on assumptions which are treated as self-evident: supply and demand are regarded as independent entities, the individual is assumed to be a rational agent who knows his interests and how to make decisions corresponding to them, and so on. But one has only to examine an economic transaction closely, as Pierre Bourdieu does here for the buying and selling of houses, to see that these abstract assumptions cannot explain what happens in reality. As Bourdieu shows, the market is constructed by the state, which can decide, for example, whether to promote private housing or collective provision. And the individuals involved in the transaction are immersed in symbolic constructions which constitute, in a strong sense, the value of houses, neighbourhoods and towns.
The abstract and illusory nature of the assumptions of orthodox economic theory has been criticised by some economists, but Bourdieu argues that we must go further. Supply, demand, the market and even the buyer and seller are products of a process of social construction, and so-called ‘economic' processes can be adequately described only by calling on sociological methods. Instead of seeing the two disciplines in antagonistic terms, it is time to recognize that sociology and economics are in fact part of a single discipline, the object of which is the analysis of social facts, of which economic transactions are in the end merely one aspect. This brilliant study by the most original sociologist of post-war France will be essential reading for students and scholars of sociology, economics, anthropology and related disciplines.
Bourdieu, Pierre et al. 1999. The Weight of the World. Social Suffering in Contemporary Society. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Confined in their governmental ivory towers, their actions largely dictated by public opinion polls, politicians and state officials are all too often oblivious to the everyday lives of ordinary citizens. These persons, who often experience so much hardship in their lives, have few ways to make themselves heard and are obliged either to protest outside official frameworks or remain locked in the silence of their despair.
Under the direction of Pierre Bourdieu, France’s foremost sociologist, a team of 22 researchers spent three years studying and analyzing the new forces of social suffering that characterize contemporary societies―the daily suffering of those denied the means of acquiring a socially dignified existence and of those poorly adjusted to the rapidly changing conditions of their lives. Social workers, teachers, policemen, factory workers, white-collar clerks, farmers, artisans, shopkeepers―no one seems to be immune from the frustrations of today’s life, not to speak of the institutions of the family, work, and education.
The book can be read like a series of short stories, which include: a steel worker who was laid off after 20 years and now struggles to support his family on unemployment benefits and a part-time job; a trade unionist who finds his goals undermined by the changing nature of work; a family from Algeria living in a housing tract on the outskirts of Paris who must cope with pervasive forms of racism; and a schoolteacher confronted with urban violence. Reading these stories enables one to register these people’s lives and the forms of social suffering that infuse them.
The original publication of this book was a major social and political event in France, where it topped the best-seller list and triggered a widespread public debate on inequality, politics, and civic solidarity. It offers not only a distinctive method for analyzing social life, but another way of practicing politics.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1998. “Utopia and endless exploitation. The essence on Neoliberalism”.
Bourdieu, Pierre&Wacquant, Loic. 2001. “Nova planetarna vulgata”. Diskrepancija sv. 2. br. 3. (La nouvelle vulgate planetaire, Le Monde Diplomatique, Mai 2000:6-7).
Bridger, Sue, Rebecca Key i Kathryn Pinnick. 1996. No more heroines? Russia, women and the market. London i New York: Routledge.
With the collapse of Soviet rule and the emergence of independent Russia, the image of Russian women in the Western imagination has changed dramatically. The robust tractor drivers and athletes have been replaced by glamorous but vulnerable beauty queens or the dishevelled and downcast women trading goods on the streets.
The authors of this work take a closer look at what lies behind the above images and how Russian women are coping with a very different sort of life. The main focus is on the effect of unemployment on Russian women and how they are coping with it. Based on case studies and personal interviews carried out in the Moscow region in 1993-94, No More Heroines? will provide both specialist and non-specialist alike with access to the thinking of women and their organisations in Russia today.
Buchowski, Michal. 1997. Reluctant capitalists. Class and culture in a local community in Western Polland. Berlin: Centre Marc Bloch.
Buchowski, Michal. 2001. Rethinking Transformations: an anthropological perspectives on post-socialism. Poznań:Wydawnictwo Fundacji Humaniora.
Buchowski, Michal. 2004. “Hierarchies of Knowledge in Central-Eastern European Anthropology”. The Anthropology of East Europe Review 22(2):5-14.
Buchowski, Michal. 2006. “The Specter of Orientalism in Europe: From Exotic Other to Stigmatized Brother”. Anthropological Qarterly 79(3):463-498.
Buchowski, Michal. 2012. “Anthropology in Post-socialist Europe”. U Kockel, Ullrich, Máiréad Nic Craith and Jonas Frykman, eds. A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.,68-88.
Burawoy, Michael and K. Vardery. 1998. Uncertain Transition: Ethnographies of Change in the PostSocialist World. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
The ethnographies collected here offer a surprising and compelling picture of change in Russia and Eastern Europe found in no other book to date. The collection brings together a wideranging group of authors from sociology, anthropology, and political science to reveal the complex relationships that still exist between the former socialist world and the world today.
Burawoy, Michael. 1979. Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process Under Monopoly Capitalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Since the 1930s, industrial sociologists have tried to answer the question, Why do workers not work harder? Michael Burawoy spent ten months as a machine operator in a Chicago factory trying to answer different but equally important questions: Why do workers work as hard as they do? Why do workers routinely consent to their own exploitation?
Manufacturing Consent, the result of Burawoy's research, combines rich ethnographical description with an original Marxist theory of the capitalist labor process. Manufacturing Consent is unique among studies of this kind because Burawoy has been able to analyze his own experiences in relation to those of Donald Roy, who studied the same factory thirty years earlier. Burawoy traces the technical, political, and ideological changes in factory life to the transformations of the market relations of the plant (it is now part of a multinational corporation) and to broader movements, since World War II, in industrial relations.
Burawoy, Michael.1985. The Politics of Production: Factory Regimes Under Capitalism and Socialism. London: Verso.
Crapanzano, Vincent. 2003. “Reflections on Hope as a Category of Social and Pshychological Analysis”. Cultural Anthropology 18/1:3-32.
Ćurković, Stipe. 2011. “Civilnom scenom do restauracije kapitalizma”. Novosti br. 613.
Ćurković, Stipe. 2011a. “Tranzicija i solidarnost”. U Popović, Željko&Gajić, Zoran. (ur.). Kroz tranziciju. Prilozi teoriji privatizacije. Novi Sad: AKO, 223-235.
Ćurković, Stipe. 2012. “Europa, kapital, demokracija: napomene o Europskoj uniji i nacionalnoj državi”. Slobodni filozofski.
Dunn, Elizabeth. 2004. Privatizing Poland: Baby Food, Big Business, and the Remaking the Labour. Ithaca: Cornel Un. Press.
The transition from socialism in Eastern Europe is not an isolated event, but part of a larger shift in world capitalism: the transition from Fordism to flexible (or neoliberal) capitalism. Using a blend of ethnography and economic geography, Elizabeth C. Dunn shows how management technologies like niche marketing, accounting, audit, and standardization make up flexible capitalism's unique form of labor discipline. This new form of management constitutes some workers as self-auditing, self-regulating actors who are disembedded from a social context while defining others as too entwined in social relations and unable to self-manage.Privatizing Poland examines the effects privatization has on workers' self-concepts; how changes in "personhood" relate to economic and political transitions; and how globalization and foreign capital investment affect Eastern Europe's integration into the world economy. Dunn investigates these topics through a study of workers and changing management techniques at the Alima-Gerber factory in Rzeszów, Poland, formerly a state-owned enterprise, which was privatized by the Gerber Products Company of Fremont, Michigan.
Fairclought, Norman 2001. “Critical Discourse Analysis as a Method in Social Scientific Research”. U Ruth Wodak i Michael Meyer (ur.) Methods in critical discourse analysis. London: Sage.
Galasińska, Aleksandra i Dariusz Galasiński (ur.) 2010. The Post-Communist Condition: Public and private discourses of transformation. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamin Publishing Company.
his volume offers interdisciplinary perspectives on discourses in one national context of post-communist transformation. Proposing a macro-micro approach to discourse analysis and transformation, it examines a spectrum of topics including Polish history, with its ‘interpreters’; changes in political bodies and the media, policies of the Catholic Church and the Institute of National Remembrance; xenophobia and anti-Semitism, with the emergence of unemployment and homelessness; experiences of new gender relations and migrations. In effect, drawing upon unique sets of data, the book shows how post-communist transformation can be understood through analyses of the changing public and private discourses. It shows Polish post-communism as a fragile and uneasy transformation, with people and institutions struggling to make sense of it and of life within it. The volume will be of interest to a broad range of social scientists: discourse analysts, sociologists, modern historians and political scientists, as well as to the informed lay public.
Gorz, Andre. 1980. Farewell to the Working Class: An essay on Post-Industrial Socialism. London-Sydney: Pluto Press.
André Gorz argues that changes in the role of the work and labour process in the closing decades of the twentieth century have, once and for all, weakened the power of skilled industrial workers. Their place has been taken, says Gorz, by social movements such as the women’s movement and the green movement, and all those who refuse to accept the work ethic so fundamental to early capitalist societies. Provocative and heretical, Farewell to the Working Class is a classic study of labour and unemployment in the post-industrial world.
Hardt Michael, 1999. “Affective Labor”, Boundary 2, 26:2.
Hardt, Michael i Antonio Negri. 2009. Commonwealth. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
When Empire appeared in 2000, it defined the political and economic challenges of the era of globalization and, thrillingly, found in them possibilities for new and more democratic forms of social organization. Now, with Commonwealth, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri conclude the trilogy begun with Empire and continued in Multitude, proposing an ethics of freedom for living in our common world and articulating a possible constitution for our common wealth. Drawing on scenarios from around the globe and elucidating the themes that unite them, Hardt and Negri focus on the logic of institutions and the models of governance adequate to our understanding of a global commonwealth. They argue for the idea of the “common” to replace the opposition of private and public and the politics predicated on that opposition. Ultimately, they articulate the theoretical bases for what they call “governing the revolution.” Though this book functions as an extension and a completion of a sustained line of Hardt and Negri’s thought, it also stands alone and is entirely accessible to readers who are not familiar with the previous works. It is certain to appeal to, challenge, and enrich the thinking of anyone interested in questions of politics and globalization.
Harvey, David. 2005. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Neoliberalism - the doctrine that market exchange is an ethic in itself, capable of acting as a guide for all human action - has become dominant in both thought and practice throughout much of the world since 1970 or so. Its spread has depended upon a reconstitution of state powers such that privatization, finance, and market processes are emphasized. State interventions in the economy are minimized, while the obligations of the state to provide for the welfare of its citizens are diminished. David Harvey, author of 'The New Imperialism' and 'The Condition of Postmodernity', here tells the political-economic story of where neoliberalization came from and how it proliferated on the world stage. While Thatcher and Reagan are often cited as primary authors of this neoliberal turn, Harvey shows how a complex of forces, from Chile to China and from New York City to Mexico City, have also played their part. In addition he explores the continuities and contrasts between neoliberalism of the Clinton sort and the recent turn towards neoconservative imperialism of George W. Bush. Finally, through critical engagement with this history, Harvey constructs a framework not only for analyzing the political and economic dangers that now surround us, but also for assessing the prospects for the more socially just alternatives being advocated by many oppositional movements.
Jansen, Stef, et. al. 2008. “Reconsidering Post-socialism from the Margins of Europe: Hope, Time and Normality in Post-Yugoslav Societies”. Anthropology News 49(8):10-11.
Kasmir, Sharryn i August Carbonella. 2008. „Dispossession and the Anthropology of Labor“. Critique of Anthropology 28(1):5-25.
This article develops an approach to the anthropology of labor that seeks to transcend the North/South and working class/poor oppositions that have long framed our understanding of social inequality. Drawing upon David Harvey's understanding of the ways in which capitalism always creates its own Other through dispossession, as well as historical case studies of struggles against dispossession, we emphasize the mutability of class relations in both the global North and South, and point to the complex interconnections of the social movements of waged and unwaged laborers across the globe. This focus on the connections between peoples who are differently marked by processes of dispossession, we argue, simultaneously enriches our understanding of social inequality and furthers the project of decolonizing anthropology.
Kasmir, Sharryn i Carbonella, August (ur). 2014. Blood and Fire. Toward a Global Anthropology of Labor. New York and Oxford: Berghahn.
Based on long-term fieldwork, six vivid ethnographies from Colombia, India, Poland, Spain and the southern and northern U.S. address the dwindling importance of labor throughout the world. The contributors to this volume highlight the growing disconnect between labor struggles and the advancement of the greater common good, a phenomenon that has grown since the 1980s. The collection illustrates the defeat and unmaking of particular working classes, and it develops a comparative perspective on the uneven consequences of and reactions to this worldwide project. Blood and Fire charts a course within global anthropology to address the widespread precariousness and the prevalence of insecure and informal labor in the twenty-first century.
Kirk, John. 2007. Class, Culture and Social Change: On the Trail of the Working Class. New York: Palgrawe Macmillan.
Drawing on the work of Raymond Williams, Valentin Volosinov and Mikhail Bakhtin, the book examines key issues for working-class studies including: the idea of the 'death' of class; the importance of working-class writing; the significance of place and space for understanding working-class identity; and the centrality of work in working-class lives.
Kirn, Gal. 2010. „Jugoslavija: od partizanske politike do postfordističke tendencije“. Up&Underground:208-22.
Kockel, Ullrich, Máiréad Nic Craith and Jonas Frykman. 2012. A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe offers a survey of contemporary Europeanist anthropology and European ethnology, and a guide to emerging trends in this geographical field of research. Providing a synthesis of the different traditions and contemporary approaches, the book is both thematic and fully cross-European in its approach.
- Provides an authoritative guide for researchers, instructors and students of anthropology and European studies
- Discusses important emerging trends in this broadening field of research
- Includes established names and rising stars who will shape the discipline in years to come
Kostanić, Marko (ur.). 2014. Zbornik radova: Dva desetljeća poslije kraja socijalizma. Centar za radničke studije, Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung Southeast Europe.
Sve države nasljednice bivše Jugoslavije kretale su se u osnovi sličnim putanjama, kako po pitanju socioekonomskog razvoja, tako i po pitanju političkog i ideološkog tumačenja tih procesa u mainstream diskursu. Socioekonomski, restauracija kapitalističkih proizvodnih odnosa, u kombinaciji s progresivnom asimilacijom u (neo)liberalne tržišne režime s Europskom unijom i drugim regijama kapitalističkog centra, dovela je do obuhvatne deindustrijalizacije, socijalne polarizacije i rastuće zaduženosti (kako javne tako i privatne). Ti procesi su institucionalno i ideološki osnaženi upućivanjem na nužnost „modernizacije“ neoliberalnog usmjerenja. Konačni politički cilj „Europske integracije“, koji dijeli većina pripadnika političkih i intelektualnih elita u državama nasljednicama Jugoslavije, pritom igra dvostruku ulogu pogonske snage i zadnje instance legitimacije tih procesa. Istovremeno, socijalne implikacije kapitalističke restauracije i pristajanja na u osnovi neoliberalnu „modernizacijsku“ agendu (ohrabrene i aktivno promicane od strane MMF-ovih programa „strukturne prilagodbe“ i preporuka EU-a u korist produbljivanja tržišnih „rješenja“ za ekonomska i socijalna pitanja), pritom su ostale bez političkog odgovora i adekvatne teorizacije s ljevice. Ideološka inkriminacija marksizma zbog njegovih veza s jugoslavenskim socijalističkim projektom i paralelni – i s tim procesom povezani – dramatični uspon nacionalizma krajem osamdesetih i tokom devedesetih, izbrisali su ili gotovo do nevidljivosti zaklonili klasno pitanje, i to upravo u trenutku njegova historijskog povratka kao neposredne društvene stvarnosti. Intelektualni konformizam i opća klima ideološkog suzbijanja antikapitalističkih ideja i tradicija mišljenja igrali su značajnu ulogu u potiskivanju pitanja vezanih za problematiku klasnih odnosa i socijalne pravde.
Krašovec, Primož. 2011. “Realna supsumpcija u hramu duha: klasna borba u univerzitetskom polju”. U Popović, Željko&Gajić, Zoran (ur.). Kroz tranziciju. Prilozi teoriji privatizacije. Novi Sad: AKO, 43-75.
Kuus, Merje. 2010. “Critical Geopolitics”. U The International Studies Encyclopedia. Denemark, Robert A. (ed.). Blackwell Publishing. Blackwell Reference Online.
Lofgren, Karl, Sebastian Godenhjelm i Stefan Sjöblom. 2013. “Projectified Politics – Temporary Organisations in a Public Context”. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration 17(2):3-12.
Matković, Teo. 2002. Restrukturiranje rada? Transformacija strukture zaposlenosti. Revija za socijalnu politiku 10(2):161-184.
U procesu kapitalističkog restrukturiranja, transformacija rada i zaposlenosti zauzima ključan položaj. Novi organizacijski modeli i doktrine, osnaženi upotrebom informacijsko-komunikacijskih tehnologija i deregulatornih političkih odluka, pridonijeli su promjeni oblika i strukture zaposlenosti širom svijeta. Članak proučava strukturu zaposlenosti na makrorazini. Na temelju koncepata postindustrijskog društva razmatraju se teze: (a) da se ekonomska aktivnost pomiče sa proizvodnje robe na pružanje usluga, i (b) da u novoj ekonomiji zanimanja s visokim udjelom znanja i informacija zauzimaju ključan položaj. Kroz pregled strukture zaposlenosti u zemljama prvoga svijeta, tranzicijskim zemljama i Hrvatskoj, razmatraju se strukturalne promjene u njihovu historijskom kontekstu. Glavni je izvor podataka anketa o radnoj snazi, te službena statistika rada za Hrvatsku (period 1970.–1996.). Ekonomske aktivnosti agregirane su u skladu sa Castellsovom adaptacijom Singelmannove klasifikacije sektora djelatnosti. Podaci za zemlje prvoga svijeta, usprkos međudržavnim razlikama, podržavaju izvorne teze. Analiza recentnih promjena u strukturi zaposlenosti u tranzicijskim zemljama prikazuje različite startne pozicije i različite obrasce transformacije. Zajednička im je karakteristika rast udjela proizvođačkih i društvenih usluga, dok su u strukturi zanimanja promjene manje. Hrvatski je slučaj analiziran nešto detaljnije, te su ustanovljene dvije etape razvoja strukture zaposlenosti. U godinama 1970.–1990. zaposlenost je rasla u obimu, ali je struktura djelatnosti bila gotovo zamrznuta zbog specifičnih političkih i institucionalnih uvjeta. Tijekom druge, tzv. ratno-tranzicijske etape (1990.–2001.), broj zaposlenih se drastično smanjio, ali sa različitim učincima u različitim sektorima. Ukupan učinak na strukturu zaposlenosti bio je sličan onome u procesu kapitalističkog restrukturiranja u razvijenim zemljama – rast udjela zaposlenih u proizvođačkim i društvenim uslugama, te pad u transformativnom sektoru. U kasnim devedesetima struktura zaposlenosti se stabilizira, dok je tržište rada postalo dinamičnije.
Matković, Teo. 2004. Nestajanje rada? Opseg i oblici nezaposlenosti na početku informacijskoga doba. Društvena istraživanja: časopis za opća društvena pitanja 13(1-2):241-265.
Rad je socijalna konstrukcija – aktivnost koja obavlja socijalno identificiranu i normaliziranu funkciju u održavanju društvene cjeline. Usprkos strahu od nestajanja rada zbog informatizacije, na globalnoj razini broj radnih mjesta ubrzano se povećava. Međutim, prekidajući trend industrijskoga doba, na tržištu rada dolazi do ponovnoga rasta kontingentnih oblika rada. Nove oblike zapošljavanja karakterizira doktrina fleksibilnosti. Fleksibilnost se može odnositi na vrijeme, mjesto ili stabilnost posla, pa i na društveni ugovor pod kojim se rad odvija. U novoj društvenoj podjeli rada, unutar privreda gdje se kreativnost, baratanje podatcima i osobne usluge smatraju glavnim izvorom rasta, poslovi koji se temelje na analizi simbola i emocionalnom radu sve više dobivaju na značenju. Provedena je komparativna analiza kretanja opsega i oblika zaposlenosti, većim dijelom utemeljena na Anketi o radnoj snazi. Zemlje Prvoga svijeta povećavaju broj zaposlenih, uz umjeren rast udjela nestandardnih oblika zaposlenosti. U tranzicijskim zemljama, koje prolaze kroz niz kriza i smanjivanja tržišta rada, također raste udio nestandardnih oblika zaposlenosti, ali uz pad broja zaposlenih. Slično je stanje i u Hrvatskoj. Nakon duga razdoblja politički kreditiranoga rasta, od 1990. počinje pad broja zaposlenih i stope aktivnosti te rast stope nezaposlenosti. U ovom razdoblju nestandardni oblici zapošljavanja postaju sve češći. Ovakva transformacija rada može voditi k nestajanju ljudskih prava, isključivanju velikog djela populacije te izdvajanja privrede iz društva. No nove proizvodne snage omogućuju i unaprjeđenje svijeta rada te ostvarivanje koncepta multiaktivnosti.
Matošević, Andrea. 2013. “This is a matter of numbers, not of heart”. Re-signing shock labor in 1970s film. Narodna umjetnost 50(1):12-40.
The 1970s mark a turning point in the representation of “exemplary workers”, shock workers and work heroes, who had for years been part of the enterprise to increase (mainly) industrial production in state socialist countries and beyond. From its very beginnings, shock labor was inseparable from its representation in the mass media, mainly documentaries and propaganda films. In contrast, in the early 1970s, post-war work successes turn into a caput mortuum, a worthless residue of early “official” socialism. Accordingly, the image of the shock labor movement and of shock workers-as-innovators turns out to be interesting material for artists and filmmakers, who resurrect and rediscover this long-forgotten idea, turning it into an instrument of criticism of the system that advocated it, without criticizing the movement’s most prominent actors. Yugoslav, Polish and Italian directors Bahrudin Bata Čengić, Andrzej Wajda and Elio Petri in their films Slike iz života udarnika (Images from the Life of a Shock Worker,1972), Człowiek z marmuru (Man of Marble, 1976) and La classe operaia va in paradiso (Lulù the Tool, 1972) respectively, resign the essence of work heroism. The problem of increasing production quotas, a “good and happy family life” accompanied by indispensable cultural education and the inclusion of workers in political life are some of the prevailing topics these directors use to build their own eclectic, critical as well as apologetic vision of the shock labor past or present.
Matošević, Andrea. 2015. Socijalizam s udarničkim licem. Etnografija radnog pregalaštva. Zagreb: Nova etnografija
Socijalizam s udarničkim licem: etnografija radnog pregalaštva važan je doprinos promišljanju udarništva općenito, i posebno u kontekstu poslijeratne jugoslavenske obnove i izgradnje. Promatranjem i analizom resignacije toga fenomena 1970-ih, u domaćem, ali i poljskom i talijanskom kontekstu, a potom i u kontekstu hrvatske “tranzicije”, autor upozorava na mrežu faktora koji utječu na poziciju i značaj rada u “običnoj svakodnevici”, što ovu monografiju čini štivom koje će doprinijeti i promišljanju aktualnog akutnog stanja rada.
Miletić, Radmila, Vesna Lukić i Dragana Miljanović. 2011. “Deindustralization and Structural Changes in Commuting Flows in Serbia”. Forum Geographic 10(2):244-254.
The aim of the paper is to point to the mutual linkage between the changes in the extent and directions of the commuting flows and contemporary changes in the economic structure of Serbia. Even though the increase in the number of commuters in total and commuters employed in the industrial sector has been evident on the national level, on the local level the research results indicate a considerable decrease in the number of industrial commuters in the case of large industrial centres (transition losers). Unprepared for rapid transformation, the industrial centres faced economic (mono-functional economic structure, collapse of large systems, undeveloped entrepreneurship, slow privatisation process), structural (high unemployment), social and demographic problems. Consequently, there have been changes in the intensity and structure of the migration flows.
Moe, Karine S. 2003. Women, Family, and Work: Writings in the Economics of Gender. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Women, Family, and Work is a collection of original essays on a wide variety of topics related to the economics of gender and the family. Written by leading thinkers in the field, the essays apply traditional economic theory to unconventional topics, while also developing neoclassical economic thought to provide a better model of economic interactions.
Obad, Orlanda. 2009. “Imperij kao uzvraćanje udarca: predodžbe o kulturi i identitetu u hrvatskih pregovarača s Europskom unijom”. Narodna umjetnost 46(2): 111-127.
Rad propituje proces hrvatskog pristupanja Europskoj uniji kroz prizmu odnosa moći središta i periferije europskog kontinenta, u kojem važnu ulogu imaju percepcija i tumačenje kulture i povijesti. U nizu tzv. polustrukturiranih intervjua hrvatski pregovarači s Europskom unijom su iznosili svoje predodžbe o EU i Zapadu općenito, kao i o regionalnoj pripadnosti Hrvatske. Pregovarači su Srednju Europu isticali kao regiju koja je bliska "zapadnoj kulturi i civilizaciji", a pripadnost Hrvatske toj regiji iskazivali su, među ostalim, i pozivanjem na habsburško nasljeđe. U odnosu prema državama nastalima na prostoru bivše Jugoslavije analizirani je diskurs, pak, nalikovao diskursu koji prati proširenje EU pa se tako naglašavala važnost postupnog napredovanja tih država na zamišljenoj "civilizacijskoj kosini".
Obad, Orlanda. 2013. “Pouke iz predsoblja Europe za balkanističku kritiku (i njezine kritičare)”. Filozofija i društvo 14(1): 458-476.
Autorica koristi primjere iz višegodišnjeg istraživanja društvene percepcije Europske unije u Hrvatskoj kako bi postavila niz pitanja o primjeni balkanističke kritike u recentnoj akademskoj produkciji. Kroz intervjue s pripadnicima triju skupina, koje su na različite načine povezane s Unijom, na vidjelo izlaze predodžbe o Europi i o Balkanu koje nisu u skladu s prevladavajućim diskursom devedesetih godina prošlog stoljeća. U radu se naznačuje i opadanje važnosti simboličke geografije u tumačenju predodžbi o EU. Propitujući metateorijsku razinu, autorica predlaže nekoliko novih smjerova za balkanistička i srodna istraživanja: priznavanje važnosti ekonomije, koja je posljednjih dvadesetak godina bila u drugom planu u odnosu na tumačenja kulture i povijesti, te preispitivanje pitanja proizvodnje i slobode protoka znanja. Posvajajući terminologiju Europske unije, autorica u zaključku ispostavlja prijedlog uvođenja „varijabilne kritičnosti“ u odnosu na središte kontinenta. Riječ je o pokušaju uzimanja u obzir i svakog ravnopravnog, nerepresivnog i korisnog susreta središta i periferije.
Ong, Aihva. 2006. Neoliberalism as Exception. Mutations in Citizenship and Soverenity. Durham and London: Duke University Press.
Neoliberalism is commonly viewed as an economic doctrine that seeks to limit the scope of government. Some consider it a form of predatory capitalism with adverse effects on the Global South. In this groundbreaking work, Aihwa Ong offers an alternative view of neoliberalism as an extraordinarily malleable technology of governing that is taken up in different ways by different regimes, be they authoritarian, democratic, or communist. Ong shows how East and Southeast Asian states are making exceptions to their usual practices of governing in order to position themselves to compete in the global economy. As she demonstrates, a variety of neoliberal strategies of governing are re-engineering political spaces and populations. Ong’s ethnographic case studies illuminate experiments and developments such as China’s creation of special market zones within its socialist economy; pro-capitalist Islam and women’s rights in Malaysia; Singapore’s repositioning as a hub of scientific expertise; and flexible labor and knowledge regimes that span the Pacific.
Outhwite, William and Ray, Larry. 2005. Social Theory after Communism. Blackwell Publishing.
Social Theory and Postcommunism undertakes a thorough study of the implications of post-communism for sociological theory. Written by two leading social theorists, the book discusses the thesis that the fall of communism has decimated alternative conceptions of social organizations other than capitalism.
- Analyzes the implications of the fall of communism on social theory
- Discusses alternative ideas of social organizations other than capitalism, in the wake of the collapse of communism
- Covers state/civil society, globalization, the future of "modernity," and post-socialism
Pavlović, Petar. 2011. “Radnički otpor u Hrvatskoj: iskustva i zadaci”. U Popović, Željko i Zoran Gajić (ur.). Kroz tranziciju. Prilozi teoriji privatizacije. Novi Sad: AKO, 235-253.
Potkonjak, Sanja i Tea Škokić. 2013. “In the world of iron and steel. On the ethnography of Work, Unemployment and Hope”. Narodna umjetnost 50(1):74-96.
In this paper the authors discuss three sets of issues. The first relates to the recent economic crisis, as well as the transitional crisis that preceded it, and is illustrated on the example of the devastation of the Sisak Ironworks. The collapse of the Croatian industry is explained primarily as a bankruptcy of political, ideological and economic values from the socialist period and only secondarily as the result of the global economic crisis. The second set of issues is revealed in the interviews with the employees of the Sisak Ironworks who were laid off, whose narratives mostly conceptualize their life without work, who talk about their life while they were still employed, and who consider their future life and work. In all these interviews the word “hope” is repeated as a kind of a leitmotif. The notion of hope is, in fact, the object of the final set of issues. In recent years, within the humanities and social sciences, the concept of “hope” was given considerable importance in research, especially in the analysis of individual and collective traumatic experience, such as losing one’s job. Thus, the authors present some of the more important theoretical articles about hope, and problematize them based on their own field notes.
Potkonjak, Sanja i Tea Škokić. 2016. „Working Class Gone to Heaven: From Working Class to Middle Class and Back“. Narodna umjetnost 1(53):117-132.
This paper problematizes the relationship between the working and middle classes in socialism, which was characterized by consumer culture and state of welfare. It also tackles the extinct middle class in the post-socialist context of the economic crisis and economically defined but politically void “new” working class. The economic realization of the Yugoslav socialist model – a hybrid of planned and market economies – combined the capitalist idea of the state of welfare with the communist execution of social rights. The socialist consumer culture, “searching for welfare”, established a homogenous middle class as a proof of its own social success, leaving the “working class” to be conveniently invoked only in ideological manifests of the governing nomenclature. The discussion about the capitalist restoration of the post-socialist period gives precedence to the lament over the extinction of the middle class and its high standard of living over the issues of class relations. On the other hand, the majority of the 286,075 unemployed and 15,230 of the employed who did not receive their salaries in the first quarter of 2015 are low-skill or vocational workers, i.e., the working class. This new relationship between the working and middle classes problematizes the socialist inheritance of transformation of the working class into the middle class, the recent phenomenon of economically defined working class without a political meaning, the post-socialist class inequality between the employed and the unemployed, and the emancipation of the worker as “the scorned subject” and his mobilization without being necessarily included in the middle-class political activism for the “general good”.
Prica, Ines. 2001. “‘To be here – to publish there’. Zur Situationen einer kleinen Europäischen Ethnologie”. U Čapo Žmagač, Jasna i dr. (ur.), Kroatische Volkskunde/Ethnologie in der Neunzigern. Wien: Verlag des Instituts für Europäische Ethnologie (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Ethnologie der Universität Wien, Bd. 22), 31–51.
Prica, Ines. 2004. ”Nasljeđe jugoslavenskih etnologija i suvremeno istraživanje postsocijalizma”. Traditiones, Zbornik Instituta za slovensko narodopisje Instituta ZRI SAZU 33/1:19-34.
U izlaganju se razmatraju uvjeti za antropološko istraživanje postsocijalističkih društava s obzirom na znanstveno nasljeđe etnologija u socijalizmu, posebno na primjeru hrvatske etnologije kao nekadašnjeg dijela jugoslavenskog sustava različitih etnoloških znanstvenih tradicija. Praznina etnografije socijalizma ali i elementi znanstvene postkolonijalnosti u istraživanju i interpretaciji istočnoeuropskih društava od strane zapadne antropologije posljednjih desetak godina otčitavaju se u nasljeđu bivših socijalističkih etnologija i njihovih nesvjesnih ili dirigiranih interpretativnih interesa.
Prica, Ines. 2010. “On the possibility of transmitting the fieldwork experience – Presentation of the Meta-methodological Conditions of the Transitional Filedwork”. Glasnik Etnografskog institute SANU 57:17-29.
Without any intention to synthesize the broader theoretical discussions about the problem, I shall herein try to outline the boundaries of “the fieldwork”, as an implied, disputed, but also inevitable ethnologic scientific practice. This will be done in a concise and critical manner, within the contexts implied in various ways by “domestic ethnologies”. Particular attention will be devoted to the points where its unavoidable limitations mutate into strategies of manipulating the knowledge and/or academic power.
Procoli, Angela (ed). 2004. Workers and Narratives of Survival in Europe. The Manegement of Precariousness at the End of the Twentieh Century. State University of New York Press.
Workers and Narratives of Survival in Europe explores the growing problem of job uncertainty in Europe at the end of the twentieth century. The management of professional precariousness is reconsidered against the backdrop of far-reaching social, economic, and political changes in Europe in recent decades, including: the instability of the traditional family; the emergence of new forms of parenthood; globalization of the economic sphere; attempts to impose a uniform pattern of culture; and the breakdown of borders with former Communist countries. The contributors utilize extensive field studies in both Western and Central Europe to understand the meaning of professional uncertainty, as perceived by its victims, and the strategies they develop to face it.
Rainnie, Al, Adrian Smith and Adam Swain. 2002. Work, Employment and Transition: Restructuring livelihoods in post-communism. London: Routledge.
Since the late 1980s the experiences of work and employment in the former communist world have been profoundly transformed. Work, Employment and Transition brings together a series of essays by leading international scholars which highlights the varied and complex forms that work and employment restructuring are taking in the post-soviet world, and makes important theoretical contributions to our understanding of these transformations.
Rifkin, Jeremy. 1995. The end of work: the decline of the global labor force and the dawn of the post-market era. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
Jeremy Rifkin argues that we are entering a new phase in history - one characterized by the steady and inevitable decline of jobs. The world, says Rifkin, is fast polarizing into two potentially irreconcilable forces: on one side, an information elite that controls and manages the high-tech global economy; and on the other, the growing numbers displaced workers, who have few prospects and little hope for meaningful employment in an increasingly automated world. The end of work could mean the demise of civilization as we have come to know it, or signal the beginning of a great social transformation and a rebirth of the human spirit.
Rojek, Chris. 2005. Leisure Theory: Principles and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan.
Offering readers the most complete and authoritative critical introduction to Leisure Theory and written by one of the major figures in the field, the book provides an exciting and reliable guide to leisure forms, leisure practice and the representation of leisure. It demonstrates how power relations influence leisure choices and introduces students to the primary functions and regulative mechanisms of leisure, providing a thought provoking account of the central problems confronting students of leisure today. Written with the needs of students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in mind, the book will quickly be recognized as the bible for Leisure Theory.
Rubić, Tihana. 2013. "Afternoon Moonlighting – it Was a Must. The Dynamics and Paradoxes of the Croatian Socialist and Post-socialist Labor Market". Narodna umjetnost 50/1:121-146.
This paper discusses the elements of socialist and post-socialist (un)employment and informal economy. A growing economic crisis and a reduced participation in the formal labor market in the newly-formed Croatian state in the early 1990s brought about an increase in unemployment and gave rise to informal economy. However, informal economy had been widespread even before, in the late socialist period in the former Yugoslavia, which was the so-called “golden age” of formal employment. Being formally employed generally did not discourage people from additionally engaging in informal economy. This paper offers an analysis of the cultural and social logic behind informal practices, based on a qualitative research that was conducted in an urban settlement in the periphery of Zagreb among former full-time industrial workers, who are officially unemployed today, and who have been active in the underground economy up to the present day.
Rubić, Tihana. 2013a. “Nezaposlenost i neformalna ekonomija u Hrvatskoj”. Studia Ethnologica Croatica. vol. 25:61-92.
Kroz kulturnu analizu i analizu diskursa, u radu se prikazuju narativni (diskurzivni) elementi suvremene nezaposlenosti i neformalne ekonomije u Hrvatskoj. Istraživanjem je uočena metaforičnost i višeznačnost uvriježenih elemenata medijskoga i kolokvijalnoga diskursa o nezaposlenima i nezaposlenosti: kako kroz medije, tako i kroz naracije nezaposlenih, perpetuiraju se predodžbe o nezaposlenima kao trpećim pojedincima, dok, s druge strane, prakse i iskustva nezaposlenosti pokazuju heterogeniju sliku. Premda pozicija dugotrajne nezaposlenosti mahom nije utemeljena na samoizbornosti, viktimizacijski diskurs o nezaposlenima i nezaposlenosti također nije uvijek podudaran s praksama i iskustvima nečije (dugotrajne) formalne nezaposlenosti.
Sennett, Richard. 2006. The Culture of the New Capitalism. New Hawen and London: Yale University Press.
The distinguished sociologist Richard Sennett surveys major differences between earlier forms of industrial capitalism and the more global, more febrile, ever more mutable version of capitalism that is taking its place. He shows how these changes affect everyday life—how the work ethic is changing; how new beliefs about merit and talent displace old values of craftsmanship and achievement; how what Sennett calls “the specter of uselessness” haunts professionals as well as manual workers; how the boundary between consumption and politics is dissolving. In recent years, reformers of both private and public institutions have preached that flexible, global corporations provide a model of freedom for individuals, unlike the experience of fixed and static bureaucracies Max Weber once called an “iron cage.” Sennett argues that, in banishing old ills, the new-economy model has created new social and emotional traumas. Only a certain kind of human being can prosper in unstable, fragmentary institutions: the culture of the new capitalism demands an ideal self oriented to the short term, focused on potential ability rather than accomplishment, willing to discount or abandon past experience. In a concluding section, Sennett examines a more durable form of self hood, and what practical initiatives could counter the pernicious effects of “reform.”
Sennett, Richard. 2008. The Craftsman. Penguin.
Most of us have to work. But is work just a means to an end? In trying to make a living, have we lost touch with the idea of making things well? Pure competition, Sennett shows, will never produce good work. Instead, the values of the craftsman, whether in a Stradivari violin workshop or a modern laboratory, can enrich our lives and change the way we anchor ourselves in the world around us.The past lives of crafts and craftsmen show us ways of working - using tools, acquiring skills, thinking about materials - which provide rewarding alternative ways for people to utilise their talents. We need to recognize this if motivations are to be understood and lives made as fulfilling as possible.
Senjković, Reana. 2008. Izgubljeno u prijenosu: pop-iskustvo soc-kulture. Zagreb: Biblioteka Nova etnografija.
Senjković, Reana. 2016. Svaki dan pobjeda. Kultura omladinskih radnih akcija. Zagreb: Biblioteka Nova etnografija.
Svaki dan pobjeda prva je postjugoslavenska kulturno-antropološka studija o fenomenu radnih akcija u Jugoslaviji čija se iznimna vrijednost ne iscrpljuje samo u pionirskoj ulozi. Štoviše, ni u samom socijalizmu nije napisana ovako opsežna i temeljita monografija u čiju analitičku perspektivu ulaze različiti tipovi kulturnih praksi: od književnosti, filmova, sjećanja, medija, domaćih i stranih, koji su kreirali značenja radnih akcija. Analizirajući obilje raznovrsne građe, poput filma Prekobrojna Branka Bauera, Krležina teksta Izlet na omladinsku prugu Brčko-Banovići, sve do manje poznatih radova kao što je zbornik The Railway: An Adventure in Construction što ga je uredio britanski povjesničar Edward Palmer Thompson, iskreno oduševljen idejom i praksom radnih akcija s kojima se susreo u Jugoslaviji, autorica donosi inovativan i iscrpan pogled na taj fenomen koji je u socijalističkoj Jugoslaviji imao gotovo mitski status. Ukratko, neophodno štivo u “ovom strašnom času” prekarijata i devalvacije vrijednosti rada za opće dobro.
Shore, Cris. 2000. Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration. London, New York: Routledge.
The development of the European Union has been one of the most profound advances in European politics and society this century. Yet the institutions of Europe and the 'Eurocrats' who work in them have constantly attracted negative publicity, culminating in the mass resignation of the European Commissioners in March 1999.
In this revealing study, Cris Shore scrutinises the process of European integration using the techniques of anthropology, and drawing on thought from across the social sciences. Using the findings of numerous interviews with EU employees, he reveals that there is not just a subculture of corruption within the institutions of Europe, but that their problems are largely a result of the way the EU itself is constituted and run. He argues that European integration has largely failed in bringing about anything but an ever-closer integration of the technical, political and financial elites of Europe - at the expense of its ordinary citizens.
This critical anthropology of European integration is essential reading for anyone with an interest in the culture and politics of the EU.
Spyridakis, Manos. 2013. The Liminal Worker. An Ethnography of Work, Unemployment and Precariousness in Contemporary Greece. London and New York: Routledge.
The Liminal Worker examines the experience of work, employment, employment insecurity and precariousness in a context of high unemployment and welfare state crisis in modern Greece. A theoretically-informed, anthropological exploration of the notion of work in contemporary western society and its relation to processes of political decision making, this book challenges the mainstream conception of work as an economic or purely productive activity, presenting a comparative analysis of work as a social phenomenon. Drawing on original empirical research, it explores the key themes of the transformation, experience, meaning and narrative of work and its relation to attendant social policies. A unique examination of the complicated experience of work and labour relations within power systems, institutions and organisations, as well as the reactions and survival strategies of ordinary actors facing precariousness in their daily existence, The Liminal Worker elaborates upon the notion of the anthropology of work and investigates the connection between ethnographic data (and its critical analysis) and the formation of policy. As such, it will be of interest to anthropologists, sociologists, policy makers and geographers concerned with questions of work, labour relations and policy formation.
Standing Guy, 2011. The Precariat – The New Dangerous Class. London-New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
This book presents the Precariat – an emerging class, comprising the rapidly growing number of people facing lives of insecurity, moving in and out of jobs that give little meaning to their lives. Guy Standing argues that this class is producing instabilities in society. Although it would be wrong to characterise members of the Precariat as victims, many are frustrated and angry. The Precariat is dangerous because it is internally divided, leading to the villainisation of migrants and other vulnerable groups. Lacking agency, its members may be susceptible to the siren calls of political extremism. To prevent a 'politics of inferno', Guy Standing argues for a 'politics of paradise', in which redistribution and income security are reconfi gured in a new kind of Good Society, and in which the fears and aspirations of the Precariat are made central to a progressive strategy.
Stenning, Alison, Adrian Smith, Alena Rochovská i Dariusz Swiątek. 2010. Domesticating Neo-Liberalism: Spaces of Economic Practice and Social Reproduction in Post-Socialist Cities. Oford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.
Based on in-depth research in Poland and Slovakia, Domesticating Neo-Liberalism addresses how we understand the processes of neo-liberalization in post-socialist cities.
- Builds upon a vast amount of new research data
- Examines how households try to sustain their livelihoods at particularly dramatic and difficult times of urban transformation
- Provides a major contribution to how we theorize the geographies of neo-liberalism
- Offers a conclusion which informs discussions of social policy within European Union enlargement
Škokić, Tea i Sanja Potkonjak. 2015. „Retro-Utopia. On the Idea of Work and Progress in Post-Socialist Croatia“. Ethnologica Balkanica. Journal for Southeast European Anthropology 18:369-384.
This article aims at exploring narratives on work and progress in post-socialist Croatia in the light of the retro-Utopia. By drawing on archival, socialist labour newspapers, and longitudinal research on unemployment in the post-industrial town of Sisak, Croatia, we will focus on how workers have been narrativizing work, progress, and their well-being over a broad time span of more than 60 years. In addressing these narratives, we will use the concept of retro-Utopia and show its ability to cover nostalgic revalorization of lost times, as well as to offer promissory imaginary directed toward the future. In this article, we argue that Utopian narratives on work, progress and well-being have changed from community-based ideas in socialism to be constructed anew in the last twenty years as retro-Utopian concepts deploying a past-based nostalgic revalorization of socialism and future-based Utopianism connected to the Croatian accession to the EU.
Verdery, Catherine. 1996. What Was Socialism and What Comes Next. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Among the first anthropologists to work in Eastern Europe, Katherine Verdery had built up a significant base of ethnographic and historical expertise when the major political transformations in the region began to take place. In this collection of essays dealing with the aftermath of Soviet-style socialism and the different forms that may replace it, she explores the nature of socialism in order to understand more fully its consequences. By analyzing her primary data from Romania and Transylvania and synthesizing information from other sources, Verdery lends a distinctive anthropological perspective to a variety of themes common to political and economic studies on the end of socialism: themes such as "civil society," the creation of market economies, privatization, national and ethnic conflict, and changing gender relations. Under Verdery's examination, privatization and civil society appear not only as social processes, for example, but as symbols in political rhetoric. The classic pyramid scheme is not just a means of enrichment but a site for reconceptualizing the meaning of money and an unusual form of post-Marxist millenarianism. Land being redistributed as private property stretches and shrinks, as in the imaginings of the farmers struggling to tame it. Infused by this kind of ethnographic sensibility, the essays reject the assumption of a transition to capitalism in favor of investigating local processes in their own terms.
Weeks, Kathi. 2011. The Problem with Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics and Postwork Imaginaries. Durham i London: Duke University Press.
In The Problem with Work, Kathi Weeks boldly challenges the presupposition that work, or waged labor, is inherently a social and political good. While progressive political movements, including the Marxist and feminist movements, have fought for equal pay, better work conditions, and the recognition of unpaid work as a valued form of labor, even they have tended to accept work as a naturalized or inevitable activity. Weeks argues that in taking work as a given, we have “depoliticized” it, or removed it from the realm of political critique. Employment is now largely privatized, and work-based activism in the United States has atrophied. We have accepted waged work as the primary mechanism for income distribution, as an ethical obligation, and as a means of defining ourselves and others as social and political subjects. Taking up Marxist and feminist critiques, Weeks proposes a postwork society that would allow people to be productive and creative rather than relentlessly bound to the employment relation. Work, she contends, is a legitimate, even crucial, subject for political theory.
Wilkinson, Sue. 2006. “Analysing Interaction in Focus Groups”. U Paul Drew, Geoffrey Raymond i Darin Weiberg (ur.). Talk and Interaction in Social Research Methods. London: Sage.
This book admirably fulfils its stated objective of describing social research methods in action and exploring, from a range of perspectives, the linguistic shaping of social context. Overall, this is a balanced, well-edited and coherent collection of papers, bringing together high quality work from recognized authorities in the analysis of talk-in-interaction. Talk and Interaction in Social Research Methodologies is a much-needed methods text. Focusing on research methods in action, the volume offers a new way of viewing the realities of social research. By taking language use seriously, the text reveals the details and depths of a wide range of research projects as they have seldom been presented before.The editors Paul Drew, Geoffrey Raymond and Darin Weinberg represent the very best from multiple traditions of researching talk-in-interaction from both sides of the Atlantic. The chapters are written by a sterling collection of researchers a virtual honor roll of conversation analysts and kindred spirits. This book is a must read for social researchers of all disciplines who are interested in social interaction. It should be assigned reading for all graduate students being introduced to qualitative methods.
Witzel, Andreas i Herwig Reiter. 2012. The problem-centred Interview. London: Sage.
Interviewing is among the most commonly used methods in qualitative research. It is a pragmatic and reliable tool for collecting information and can be adapted to diverse situations and purposes. The discursive-dialogic reconstruction of relevant issues in the perspective of the interview partner is one of these purposes - it is at the core of the programme of the technique of the problem-centred interview (PCI). Witzel and Reiter present the first English book about this popular and widely recognised method and introduce it to the international research community. The comprehensive and hands-on introduction to methodology, principles and practice of this particular technique is organised along the logical steps of preparing, doing and processing PCIs. The authors use many practical examples from their own problem-centred research to illustrate each stage as well as common interviewing pitfalls and errors. The book also demonstrates how to work with sensitizing prior knowledge in the context of interview research. Novice and experienced interview researchers across the social, educational and health sciences will find this an invaluable guide.
Woodward, Susan L. 1995. Socialist Unemployment: The Political Economy of Yugoslavia, 1945-1990. Princeton-New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
In the first political analysis of unemployment in a socialist country, Susan Woodward argues that the bloody conflicts that are destroying Yugoslavia stem not so much from ancient ethnic hatreds as from the political and social divisions created by a failed socialist program to prevent capitalist joblessness. Under Communism the concept of socialist unemployment was considered an oxymoron; when it appeared in postwar Yugoslavia, it was dismissed as illusory or as a transitory consequence of Yugoslavia's unorthodox experiments with worker-managed firms. In Woodward's view, however, it was only a matter of time before countries in the former Soviet bloc caught up with Yugoslavia, confronting the same unintended consequences of economic reforms required to bring socialist states into the world economy. By 1985, Yugoslavia's unemployment rate had risen to 15 percent. How was it that a labor-oriented government managed to tolerate so clear a violation of the socialist commitment to full employment? Proposing a politically based model to explain this paradox, Woodward analyzes the ideology of economic growth, and shows that international constraints, rather than organized political pressures, defined government policy. She argues that unemployment became politically "invisible," owing to its redefinition in terms of guaranteed subsistence and political exclusion, with the result that it corrupted and ultimately dissolved the authority of all political institutions. Forced to balance domestic policies aimed at sustaining minimum standards of living and achieving productivity growth against the conflicting demands of the world economy and national security, the leadership inadvertently recreated the social relations of agrarian communities within a postindustrial society.
Woodword, Susan L. 1995. Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution after the Cold War. Washington: The Brookings Institution.
The collapse of Yugoslavia into nationalist regimes led not only to horrendous cruelty and destruction, but also to a crisis of Western security regimes. Coming at the height of euphoria over the end of the cold war and the promise of a "new world order," the conflict presented Western governments and the international community with an unwelcome and unexpected set of tasks. Their initial assessment that the conflict was of little strategic significance or national interest could not be sustained in light of its consequences. By 1994 the conflict had emerged as the most challenging threat to existing norms and institutions that Western leaders faced. And by the end of 1994, more than three years after the international community explicitly intervened to mediate the conflict, there had been no progress on any of the issues raised by the country's dissolution.
In this book, Susan Woodward explains what happened to Yugoslavia and what can be learned from the response of outsiders to its crisis. She argues that focusing on ancient ethnic hatreds and military aggression was a way to avoid the problem and misunderstood nationalism in post-communist states. The real origin of the Yugoslav conflict, Woodward explains, is the disintegration of governmental authority and the breakdown of a political and civil order, a process that occurred over a prolonged period. The Yugoslav conflict is inseparable from international change and interdependence, and it is not confined to the Balkans but is part of a more widespread phenomenon of political disintegration. Woodward's analysis is based on her first-hand experience before the country's collapse and then during the later stages of the Bosnian war as a member of the UN operation sent to monitor cease-fires and provide humanitarian assistance. She argues that Western action not only failed to prevent the spread of violence or to negotiate peace, but actually exacerbated the conflict. Woodward attempts to explain why these challenges will not cease or the Yugoslav conflicts end until the actual causes of the conflict, the goals of combatants, and the fundamental issues they pose for international order are better understood and addressed.
Žitko, Mislav. 2011. “Tranzicija financijskog sektora u Hrvatskoj i Sloveniji”. U Veselinović, Ana et al. Izgubljeno u tranziciji. Beograd: Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung.
U svom tekstu, Mislav Žitko analizira tranziciju financijskog sektora i njegovu ulogu u pretvorbi i privatizaciji. Autor naglašava činjenicu da monetarni sustav ima snažnu i dalekosežnu, iako često nevidljivu ulogu u oblikovanju društvene dinamike i klasne stratifikacije. Utoliko su tehnička pitanja ekonomske teorije uvijek pitanja društvenog poretka. Budući da pojam tranzicije ustvari označava restauraciju kapitalizma, bitno je uklopiti promjene kroz koje su prolazile bivše socijalističke republike u kontekst suvremenih ekonomskih kretanja.